Usually I get a lot of students, that do not know they are using infinitive and gerund wrong in Spanish, and it is because they are following the English principles, that like most of the time dont apply to the Spanish language, that is why todays post is all about infinitive and gerund in Spanish.
To be honest it will take us longer and you will find is more easier to apply than you would have thought.
Pretty simple isnt it?
We use it
1-When it acts as the suject of the sentences, I know, too complicated isnt it?An example will help us
“Seeing is believe”, as you see…in English you used gerund, but if you speak is Spanish….meck!You need the infinitive, “Ver es creer”
2- After a preposition
“I am going to the gym after eating”, again, you would use gerund in English, in English, no in Spanish, we will say “voy al gimnasio
después de comer”
In English you use gerund after at, on, in, upon etc, NO IN SPAINSH!
The same when in English you say something just happen, like “having just done something” in Spanish is Acabar de + infinitive, acabar de comer per example.
It is as well pretty straight forward, lets see some examples.
1-Progressive tense, same like in English like” we are studying now”, “nosotros estamos estudiando ahora,”
2-After verbs that means “go on….-ing”,” keep…-ing”, again similar like in English, “He went on saying, ” “Continuó diciendo” or “she continued to sing”, “Siguió cantando.”
3-To say “by doing” or “while doing” something, and WATCH OUT here, we do not need preposition, “You are going to improve by studying”, “vas a mejorar estudiando”
That is all, I tried to make it simple, I hope I succeed, anyway, if you have any question, I am always here for you, so just leave a comment and I will get back to you “asap”, “tan pronto como pueda” 🙂
After all the test you probably did last week checking your ser and estar knowledge (and if you did not, I leave you the link for the post so you can give it a go Ser and estar quiz ), this week I would love to practice as usual, so feel free to write a comment below and give it all this stuff you just learned a go.
And…practice, practice, practice, because practice makes perfection, even if it is 5 minutes a day listening a Spanish song, I will write of inspiring Spanish tunes soon, so you can listen to them, and even when you think you are not listening, the words slowly will get into your mind 🙂
Talk you soon