One of the difficulties on the Spanish past tenses, apart of the conjugations, that we all know…It is…there are so many to chose from! That is why in this serie of blogs we are treating one at a time. Today is time for the simple past.
pasado simple or pretérito indefinido
First things first, the basic, the conjugation.
That is not difficult is it? You are used to conjugate all the Spanish tense but now, the difficult thing with this tense is that the most commons verbs, are irregular, and I mean really irregulars. I will leave some help below. So keep reading.
WHEN TO USE IT
When the action is a finished action and the time is finished too. It is a specific action in a specific time.
“La semana pasada hice demasiado deporte y ahora mis músculos me duelen“-Last week I did so much exercise and now all my muscles are sore.
Something you did in an specific time, both action and time are gone.
We could think about this tense as something closed in the past. It started and finished in a particular time and it stayed there.
“Una vez leí en publico“-once I read in public.
It is something that you did once, it is a particular time and action that stays in the past, you did not keep on doing it.
Most of the time is not a long action, and if you are describing things that happen in a specific time, one behind the other, they all will go in this tense, as we see them as a consequences of small actions in a specific “close” time.
“En la fiesta lo pasamos muy bien, comimos, bebimos y bailamos sin parar“-We had a great time in the party we ate, we drank, we danced not stop.
The party is in an specific time, it is not long in time and you are describing what you did.
In this tense neither the action or the time have a link with the present.
Your “extra” this week.
The watch out for this week, some of the most used verbswhich are irregular in the indefinido, conjugated for you.
And yeah, it is not a mistake, it is another watch out– the verb ser and ir are the same in this past tense, we just know because of the context of the sentence, like
“Ayer fui al cine”-yesterday I went to the cinema, because obviously you could have been the cinema…and
“De joven fui camarera”-when I was young I was a waitress.
The only homework you have for this week, apart from re-read this blog again and make sure everything is clear, is to find out the irregulars verbs in this past tense and have a look, research which ones are going to be the complicated ones, so you see where you stand for, but focus on the basics to start with, so you will see your progress faster, then it will be time to master it.
Just to remind you the challenge is still on, for those all we do not know what I am talking about, this challenge is about writing a sentence using the Spanish past tense, we have seen today and you can have the chance to win “the Spanish idioms book”. This week you will get extra points if you can use the two past tense we have seen so far.
For example “El mes pasado fui al cine, pero este mes todavía no he ido” Last month I went to the cinema, but this month I have been to the cinema yet
The contest will be on for the whole length of this “blog series” teaching you how to use the past, and the winner will be announced on the 22nd of December.
That being said, the only thing is left is wishing you a great day and a productive Spanish learning with this Spanish past tenses II.
I hope you have enjoyed, and if you had not studied the past simple before in Spanish, I hope it helped you and if you did but you were confused I hope this had thrown some light on you.
Any question, I am here to help.:)
See you again “pronto”