Probably if you have been studying Spanish for a while you already hate them, if you haven’t read and you might not need to fight with learning prepositions so hard.:)
We use “A ”
-mainly when we meant destination or direction, so it would be the equivalent of “to” so you will using when you are going somewhere, as yo voy a Escocia, you need to keep in mind that when we speak about countries we do not use the determinant before them but if we speak about going somewhere else we will need to put la or el before the noum, depending on whether the noun is masculine or female, and when it is a masculine , we strange Spanish do not like how ” a el” sounds so we just put them together “a+el=al”,so we will say yo voy al cine, but yo voy a la piscina 🙂
-another used of “a” is talking about hours, when you need to meet someone at 6, you “yo quedo con Marina a las 6” ; or something starts at that time, “la pelicula empieza a las 8”
-when we want to say how often something happens, “yo juego al golf tres veces a la semana”, “yo voy de vacaciones una vez al mes”…
-the opposite of “a”, so when you talk about the origin, “Yo soy de Escocia”, “yo vengo de casa”, to keep in mind as well than we strange Spanish as well do not like “de following by el” so we put them together too so “de+el=del”, “yo vengo del cine”, but “yo vengo de la piscina”
-we talk about what something is made of using “de”, “la mesa es de madera”, “el jersey es de lana”
-and when we talk who belongs something to, “la camisa es de mi madre”, “el libro es de Mario”
-when we talk about transport, “yo voy al trabajo en bicicleta”, “yo siempre viaje en tren”, “yo voy a trabajar en autobus”….all kind of transport except like in English when you use your feet, then “tu vas a trabajar andando”
-when something happens in an specific time, “Mi cumpleaños es en mayo”, “ los exámenes finales son en primavera”
-to talk about place, “Sonia vive en Londres”, “mis amigos están en el bar”…
THE EASY ONES, “CON”and “SIN”
“con” that means with and “sin” which means without, so in most casse you will use them the same way than you would in English.
Spanish prepositions have several meanings, here you have a few taste of them, more will come in the next blogs as I rather you to take them step by step as try to memorize all the used at once will be too much.And…
Because as well, the same as English, there are some phrases verbs which could play a dirty one of you, as you would think the normal thing would use a preposition but they go with a different one…with them…just good luck 🙂
I leave you a link to a quick where you can check how your Spanish prepositions level is, it will just take 5 minutes and it will give you an idea where to focus when learning prepositions.
I hope you find this useful 🙂 Write you soon, ¡hasta pronto!