Today’s blog is a bit more advance, as I am talking about Spanish structures that use the subjunctive.
Probably, if you are a beginner or you haven’t heard about the subjunctive yet, this blog is not a good fit for you, so you might want to skip this one, as I don’t want you to panic or get confused, but if you have hear about “el subjuntivo” carry on, I think you will find this blog very useful.
As you probably know in Spanish we have different modos, “indicativo” to express real things, things that happened, happens or are going to happen, “imperativo” to give commands and “el subjuntivo” to talk about doubts, uncertain things, things we are not sure about etc.
Today’s blog is not very in depth about the uses of the subjunctive ( I am going to leave you some resources for that at the end) but it is about structures that always use “el subjuntivo”, so when you find them you will know to use “el subjuntivo” straight away, in an automatic way. Does it sound good? Let’s start then!
ESTRUCTURAS QUE USAN EL SUBJUNTIVO EN ESPAÑOL
Keeping in mind that in English you don’t have the subjunctive so the translations might not be 100% accurate.
1-Siempre y cuando
As long as
Puedo cocinar siempre y cuando la receta sea fácil–I can cook as long as the recipe is easy
Or a mum can say to her kid
Puedes jugar con tus amigos el fin de semana siempre y cuando ordenes tu habitación– You can play with your Friends during the weeknd as long as you tidy up your room
Not para, if we only use para, we need to use the infinitive, not the subjunctive
Te lo digo para que lo sepas– I am telling you so you know
La profesora explica el subjuntivo de manera sencilla para que lo entendamos-the teacher explains the subjunctive in a simple way so we an understand it
3-Antes de que/después de que
WATCH OUT we need to have the QUE because- antes de/después de + INFINITIVO
-antes de que
Antes de que compres el billete de avión compara precios- Before you buy the plane’s ticket check out other prices.
Antes de que te vayas de vacaciones termina el trabajo Before you go on holidays finish the workload.
Antes de comprar el billete comparar precios- Before buying plane’s ticket check out other prices.
Antes de irte de vacaciones termina el trabajo- Before going on holidays finish the workload.
Después de que
Después de que veas este video dale al me gusta-after you watch the video give it a like
Voy a estudiar español después de que te vayas- I am going to study Spanish after you leave
Después de ver este video dale al me gusta- after watching the video give it a like
Voy a estudiar español después de irte – I am going to study Spanish after you leave
We use ojalá to express wishes and it is always followed by subjunctive too
ojalá haga bien tiempo el fin de semana-hopefully it is good weather the weekend
Ojalá tu hermana pruebe el examen de conducir- hopefully your sister passes her driving test
5-¡Qué + SUBJUNTIVO!
This is another way we express wishes, for example
¡Qué tengas un buen fin de semana!- Have a good weekend!
¡Qué te diviertas!- Have fun!
¡Qué te mejores!- Feel better son!
6-como sea, donde sea, cuando sea
However one can, wherever, whenever,
We use these ones when we don’t care how, when or when.
Voy a ir a España este verano como sea- I am going to go to Spain this summer however I can.
It does not matter how, by boat, by plane, by car, the important thing is that I am going.
Quiero ir de vacaciones donde sea- I want to go on holidays wherever.
The important thing is that I want to go on holidays, where is not important.
We can change the second verb and use querer (or others) instead of ser.
For example if you are talking with a friend and you ask
¿Cuándo quedamos?-When are we meeting?
They could say
Cuando quieras y donde quieras- whenever and wherever you want.
In this case is not only and when and where are not important to them is also that they give us the power to choose.
We use these structures as well to express that something doesn’t matter
Digas lo que digas no voy a escucharte-whatever you say I am not listening
Does not matter what you say, important or nor I am not gonna listen
Hagas lo que hagas no toques este botón-whatever you do don’t touch this bottom.
Cueste lo que cueste voy a aprender español-whatever it takes I am going to learn Spanish
Llame quien llame no voy a contestar-Whoever call I am not going to answer.
It does not matter who calls I am not going to answer.
I hope this makes sense, if you have any questions leave a comment and I will make sure to answer them. Also I want you to leave a comment and let me know:
-did you know the structures above? Did you know that they use the subjunctive?
-do you know any other Spanish structures that go with the subjunctive?
That is all for today, but if you want to go deeper in the subjunctive word I highly recommend you this books, they are a great resource:
Demystifying the Spanish Subjunctive: www.amazon.co.uk/dp/1512073024/?tag=spanishwith00-21
Subjunctive up close https://www.amazon.co.uk/dp/1260010740/?tag=spanishwith00-21
Also before you go, two quick things,
1-rememebr that if you enjoy my content you can now treat me to a coffee in the following link https://www.buymeacoffee.com/fpVa2ms
2-you can watch this lesson in video format on my YouTube channel, come over and have a watch https://youtu.be/vLBuMeAFIFA
All that been said, I only need to say…
Ten un buen día y…