Introduction to the verbs SER and ESTAR – when to use them

A lot of Spanish students regardless of the level there are on in their Spanish journey, seem to hit a brick wall every time  “ser” and “estar” come in to the picture.

That is why today I have created a quick video to talk about  these two verbs and when to use them.

As usual I have tried to make it as straight forward and as simple as I could, so you avoid overwhelm and confusion. I am aware this video might be controversial as I am telling you to ignore something that you might have been using to identify whether to use “ser” or “estar”.

I am going to give you all the info in a bit but first I would like to mention that I am having a FLASH SALE of 30% off on two of digital products until the 2nd of December 2019.

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Ok, let’s talk about “ser” and “estar” and their uses, as you might know they are so confusing because both of them mean “to be”, of course with different connotation. So quick summary, as you can get all the info in the video..

Keep reading if you prefer the info written if you prefer the video have a look here

SER, we use for:

-profesiones (professions):

Pedro es arquitecto- Pedro is an arquitect

-nacionalidades (nationalites) : place of origin and where we come from

Marta es francesa-Marta is french

-descripciones (description):

Soy alta – I am tall

La mesa es blanca-the table is white

Las tortugas son lentas- turtles are slow

ESTAR, we use for:

-estados de ánimo (mood): to talk about how we are feeling.

Estoy contenta. –I am happy

Paula está cansada – Paula is tired

-localizaciones (locations):

Nosotros estamos en clase-we are in class

-direcciones (directions):

¿dónde está el hospital?-where is the hospital?

-acciones (actions): something we are doing now:

Estoy escribiendo un blog – I am writing a book

So now you have all the info, could you leave a comment and let me know how would you answer these two questions, as in English they would be translated as “how is your mother?” but in Spanish we are using different verbs J – hint: if you give up, the answer is on the video 🙂

1-¿cómo es tu madre?


2-¿cómo está tu madre?

Looking forward to reading your comments.

I hope you enjoyed this blog and found it helpful.

Have a  wonderful day!

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